Are you searching for one other supply of revenue? Are you considering agribusiness in Nigeria?
On this put up, I can be sharing with you about Beekeeping / farming in Nigeria
I may even provide you with our firm’s quantity, so as to name in case you want the help of our skilled beekeeper (apiarist) to set-up your individual bee farm in Nigeria.
You can even go to our affiliate’s bee farm for sensible coaching
Now, I assume you have to be questioning:
Why Bee Keeping?
Beekeeping or apiculture could possibly be a profitable enterprise in Nigeria if completed and marketed rightly. Those that began bee farming have attested to its excessive profitability.
Furthermore, in addition to revenue, there are extra advantages you take pleasure in from partaking in bee maintaining.
In case you are already a farmer, and you have an interest in maintaining bees, it’s advisable that you simply web site your apiary (location the place bees can be saved) within the midst of fruit bushes similar to mango, citrus, and so on.
Inserting bee hives in a fruit farm will increase pollination; thereby, multiplying the harvest, as bees are popularly known as brokers of pollination.
Asides getting honey from bees, quite a few merchandise might be extracted from bees which serves as uncooked supplies utilized by big corporations to supply main merchandise. Merchandise embrace bees wax, propolis, and so on.
Earlier than beginning bee maintaining in Nigeria, it's a must to search data from consultants and attend its coaching.
You may work as an apprentice in a good bee farm or contact us that can assist you set-up your bee farm
After gaining data, the following step is to attract up an apiary marketing strategy which might function your information on find out how to begin and make revenue out of your enterprise.
How A lot Is Wanted To Begin Bee Farming In Nigeria?
Curiously, with as little as N100,000 and even as excessive as N5million Naira, you might be good to go.
Bee farming is a type of agricultural ventures that may be began with much less or extra capital. To assist scale back value, it is suggested that you simply buy regionally made bee gear like bee hives for beekeeping.
What Sort Of Land Is Required For Bee Maintaining In Nigeria?
Not like different types of agriculture, proudly owning a land isn’t a vital requirement for bee maintaining. You may lease a land; or alternatively, accomplice with fruit farmers who've citrus and mango bushes of their farmlands. In flip, your bees will assist pollinate the fruit bushes, and naturally, enhance the merchandise of the farmers, thereby rising their income stream.
What Amount Of Honey Can Be Gotten From A Bee Hive?
As a farmer, it's best to count on to rise up to 10-15 litres of honey per hive.
Steps To Making certain A Profitable Bee Farming In Nigeria
1). Get Bee farming Coaching
2) Get Bee Farming Enterprise Plan:
The primary and most essential step when beginning bee farming in Nigeria is getting skilled and making a marketing strategy.
Similar to no basic goes to conflict with out figuring out the artwork of conflict himself; until in fact, he desires to fail, the identical applies to bee maintaining.
You may name us in case you want a beekeeping coaching or consultancy providers
Making a marketing strategy will make it easier to obtain success the place others with no marketing strategy fail.
Furthermore, it is advisable to get the required coaching from bee maintaining consultants earlier than you enterprise into the enterprise.
Whereas on-line guides and YouTube movies may provide you with a head begin, nothing beats a hands-on coaching you're going to get at a good bee farm.
You have to to discover ways to preserve bees, the place to web site them, and find out how to defend your self from them. Subsequently, after buying the coaching do you have to write a marketing strategy.
Whereas writing the plan, it is advisable to understand how a lot capital can be required for the enterprise after which calculate how a lot revenue can be earned from the enterprise, plus, find out how to generate the required capital.
Moreover, your beekeeping advertising methods must also be spelt out win your marketing strategy. With out promoting, there’s little or no probability of creating revenue.
3). Get Capital,
4) Get Gear & Location
After buying data and making a marketing strategy, the following step is getting the required capital, location and gear to your bee maintaining enterprise.
As talked about earlier, you may both lease a land, or accomplice with farmers who've fruit bushes of their farm lands.
Your apiary have to be in greatest circumstances so can you may have a very good return on funding. One main tip for finding your apiary is: by no means web site your apiary in a loud or crowded place.
And avoid swampy areas or locations the place pesticides are utilized. After securing an acceptable location, the following step is to decide on the varieties of bees you wish to preserve and purchase the mandatory gear (ideally new ones).
Throughout your coaching, you'll study concerning the varieties of bee species and their yield charges. Bee species embrace the honey bee, bumble bee, mason bee, solitary bee, and so on.
Gear it is advisable to begin your bee farm in Nigeria embrace:
Bee hives, bee fits, people who smoke, buckets, jungle boots, wheelbarrows, basins, honey extractor, packaging machine, weighing scales, rubber plastics of varied sizes, nylons for packaging, sealing machine ,and a stand-by generator (non-obligatory).
After securing the gear, set the apiary in a spot the place the bees can simply discover meals and water, as this determines the success of what you are promoting
5). Know Your Enterprise:
Bee farming is extra of a seasonal farming; due to this fact, it’s crucial that it's correctly managed.
Whereas farming bees, it’s essential that you realize the correct time to start a colony so that you simply don’t get a flawed produce out of your bee farm. For instance, in case you begin your colony too early, your bees may not get sufficient meals, whereas beginning too late will make your bees produce much less honey as a result of they are going to definitely miss out on main push of nectar.
Additionally, good supply of water, sugar and enough area for feeders are all important to the expansion of a bee farm. Taking good care of bees is a bit sophisticated; due to this fact, it's important that you simply stick strictly to the coaching you got.
Don't check out a lot new issues at a time and don’t use your funding as a trial and error. It’s higher to turn out to be a professional at it by doing factor progressively, earlier than taking a lot dangers. Additionally be certain that your bees get medicine.
6).Beekeeping Advertising and marketing in Nigeria
There’s no enterprise in Nigeria, and over the world that makes cash with out promoting its services or products. Bee maintaining is not any totally different. How do you make revenue out of your capital? Let individuals know who you might be and what you may provide them.
Furthermore, in case you produce high quality honey, you'll have clients and bigwigs like pharmacies and industrial corporations lining to buy honey from you. A professional tip is to be a reliability rock star- let your purchasers know you may provide honey to them inside a brief time frame.
Different types of advertising embrace:
- Phrase of mouth from glad clients
- Making souvenirs together with your model printed on objects like notebooks, face caps, shirts, pens, hand bands, and so on.
- Journal publications
- On-line advertising by way of web site or weblog; social media advertising by way of Fb, Pinterest, Instagram, Google Adverts, and so on
- Offering free seminars
- Making handbills, and so on.
7) Be enterprise minded.
Don’t name it “bee farming”. Name it “bee enterprise”
Solutions To Probably Questions For Potential Bee Farmers:
Is There A Market For Bee Maintaining In Nigeria?
Sure, beekeeping has a market in Nigeria so long as individuals eat honey and use different bee by merchandise
Different merchandise derived from bees are wax (utilized in furnishings polish, candles and crayons), pollen (used for meals, preparation of medication, hand pollination and cosmetics), propolis (used for repairing honeycombs), venom (used for getting ready medication), royal jelly (used as meals for queen bees), and so on.
What Different Fruit Bushes Can Encompass A Bee Hive?
Aside from mangoes, bees pollinate farm crops similar to cashews, pawpaw, coconut, oil palm, sunflowers, sisal, clover and citrus (orange, grape, lemon, lime, and tangerine).
Why Ought to You Begin Bee Farming?
There re many essential the explanation why beekeeping in Nigeria is one of the best agribusiness for you. A few of such causes are:
- Honey is an effective supply of diet to human eating regimen. It's a wealthy supply of carbohydrate, minerals, and nutritional vitamins.
- Honey retains the human physique mentally alert and bodily sturdy.
- It's a complement of many conventional and orthodox medicines.
- It helps protect the ecosystem, and will increase manufacturing of a specific farm crops by way of pollination.
- It will increase your income era as you course of it on the farm. This in flip, provides extra worth to the uncooked merchandise.
How A lot Does It Value To Begin Bee Maintaining In Nigeria?
In case you are simply beginning, you may wish to begin with little capital. This is likely to be on account of your purse otherwise you simply wish to begin little, see how far you may address the beekeeping enterprise, earlier than splurging extra money into it.
Key prices to contemplate within the bee enterprise are:
- A spot to course of the honey harvested.
- The hives for maintaining the honey.
- Tables and chairs.
- Honey extractor and separator. This gear is utilized by large-scale farmers. Small scale farmers can use a sieve.
Minor prices are:
- Getting regionally made protecting clothes.
- Smoker- this will also be made regionally.
- Trays and instruments similar to hive instruments.
How Do I Begin My Beekeeping Colony?
There are 3 ways to start out your colony. You may purchase a colony from a hive, get hold of a swarm, and get a nucleus.
Of the three strategies talked about above, the best to do is by buying a colony from a hive. Whereas it may cost you somewhat, it's simpler and faster. So, how do you get a colony from a hive? Go to beekeepers, attain an settlement with them, then pay for the bees and gather them.
The second methodology is by beginning a nucleus, which implies starting a brand new colony from scratch. You are able to do this by acquiring a queen, drone, and employees. You feed the bees with water and sugar cane briefly. Subsequent, you present enough hives coated in beeswax and put them in an surroundings conducive for bee swarms as bait to make them enter the hives.
Nonetheless, the most affordable methodology is by capturing a swarm of bees. Honeybees are untamed and reside in colonies; and you'll bait them by rubbing beeswax on a number of hives or containers scattered in an acceptable place the bee swarm would like to type a colony. Search for locations with water, flowering or fruit crops, glorious climate, safety from intruders/predators, and absence of noise.
What Is A Hive?
A hive is a field for maintaining the bees. The hives might be made out of varied supplies, and their capabilities are to make sure that the bees construct their nests in order that they are often managed simply; and in addition to help straightforward motion for the bees. The three classes of hives are:
- Fastened comb hives made out of clay, wall, log, tree bark, and so on.
- Movable comb hives which is available in varied types. A preferred one is High-Bar hives.
- Movable frames hives similar to Langstroth and Dadant, and so on.
- Put the hives beside the supply of water and in shades of inexperienced leafy bushes to keep away from high temperature.
- Paint the hives in white color to replicate daylight quite than take up it. It will assist preserve the hives cool.
- In case there aren't any inexperienced leafy bushes, erect synthetic shades to manage the temperature contained in the hives.
The place Do I Web site My Bee Hives?
- Guarantee there aren't any crops being sprayed with pesticides close by.
- Be sure that hives are adequately shielded from sturdy winds.
- Shield hives from sturdy daylight by putting them beneath bushes or by erecting synthetic shades.
- Place hives in locations removed from people to keep away from them being stung by bees.
- Be sure that there isn't any water dripping from the tree branches onto the hives beneath
- Begin with ten colonies and progressively will increase the quantity if the world can maintain extra colonies.
How Many Months Earlier than Harvesting Bee?
When you have simply began a contemporary colony of bees, enable ten to 12 months for the honey to mature earlier than you start harvest. Subsequently, if the colony is totally established, you may harvest between seven to eight months.
How Do I Harvest Honeycombs And Course of It?
Honey is harvested on the finish of the flowering season. To reap, choose the acute combs that include ripe honey with an envelope of skinny layer of bees wax. Whereas harvesting, be certain that you permit combs containing pollen or creating bees.
Nonetheless, if you're utilizing the High Bar Extractor, as a substitute of utilizing an extractor, merely crush and pressure the honeycombs to extract the honey by utilizing muslin or different types of filter, which might assist separate the honey from beeswax. In case you are utilizing the body hives, you may get hold of honey by spinning the frames in a motorized round extractor or a hand crank extractor.
After separating the honey from the beeswax, soften the beeswax over water right into a block and retailer till you collect sufficient to promote. Professional tip: it doesn’t spoil over time.
All the time be certain that you come back empty combs to the hives in order that the bees can produce extra honey.
Ought to High quality Certification Be A Precedence?
It could be useful in case you intend to supply high quality honey when beginning beekeeping in Nigeria. You need to make sure you make high quality a prime precedence in case you intend to have a worthwhile enterprise. Additionally just remember to comply with the requirements set by Codex Alimantarius. Adhering strictly to high quality contains:
- Not adulterating honey by feeding them on sugarcane.
- Making certain the bees feed n pure nectar and pollen.
- Not including meals components to honey after harvesting.
- Honey shouldn’t have flavours.
- Honey shouldn’t ferment or be fermented.
- Honey harvested shouldn’t foam.
- It ought to have taint brought on by international matter throughout processing and storage.
What Are Bees’ Seasonal Cycles?
Simply as different agricultural companies have their seasonal cycles, so additionally do bees. In temperate areas, the colony cycle is one for annually, however in tropical and sub-tropical areas, it differs as multiple colony cycle can happen inside a yearly cycle. The colony cycle has three elements, that are: the buildup, honey circulation, and dearth. Ensure you mange every seasonal cycle correctly, as every elements has particular issues it is advisable to do to take care of the hives.
Ought to I Be a part of An Affiliation Of Beekeepers?
Becoming a member of Beekeepers Affiliation of Nigeria in your locality will make it easier to achieve entry to coaching assets and authorities mortgage services. Furthermore, becoming a member of them will enhance the possibilities of the marketability of your product, and allow you to get a very good worth.